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Archive for October, 2016

Periodontal Disease

Thursday, October 13th, 2016

Periodontal disease is the inflammation of the supporting structures of the tooth. It begins with food particles and bacteria collecting along the gum line to form plaque. Minerals in the saliva combine with the plaque and form tartar (or calculus) which adheres strongly to the teeth. The mineralization occurs after 3-5 days. This causes inflammation to the gums called gingivitis characterized by red gums around the teeth and bad breath. The calculus then builds up under the gums, separating them from the teeth to form “pockets”, which are an ideal place for bacterial growth. Once pockets form the damage is irreversible, at this point it is categorized as periodontal disease. It can lead to pain, loose teeth, abscesses, and bone loss or infection. (more…)